Common foreign and security policy of the european union
- What is EU Foreign Policy?
- Common Foreign and Security Policy
- Foreign policy: aims, instruments and achievements
What is EU Foreign Policy?
The EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) was established in and has since been strengthened by subsequent treaties. Today, Parliament.and
This policy area, often referred to as EU foreign policy, has a broad scope covering all areas of foreign policy and all questions relating to security and defense. The CFSP is supported by a unique institutional framework, in which member states diplomats and officials from the EU institutions jointly make policy. Because foreign policy is normally the business of sovereign states, the exceptional nature of the CFSP has long been a subject of inquiry. The CFSP has particularly puzzled advocates of the traditional theories of European integration and international relations, who have failed to appreciate what the EU does in the field of high politics. Given the absence of formal diplomatic recognition and a strong reliance on the resources of the member states, the EU is still not a full-fledged actor, yet it has a strong international presence nonetheless. Under the assumption that the EU has some actorness, the Europeanization of foreign policy has become an area of interest.
Despite its limited formal role in foreign policy decision-making, Parliament has supported the concept of the CFSP from its inception and sought to extend its scope. In practice, Parliament has achieved a degree of informal cooperation with the EEAS, the EU Presidency, the Council Secretariat and the Commission in the realm of foreign affairs, as well as with the national parliaments of the Member States. Parliament holds twice-yearly debates on CFSP progress reports and puts questions and recommendations to the Council and the High Representative. The declaration provided, inter alia, for:. In addition to this political dialogue, Parliament exercises its authority through the budgetary procedure. Parliament also helps to shape the relevant external financial instruments through a process of trilateral negotiations with the Council and the Commission.
This constitutes the second pillar of the European Union and is subject to the method of intergovernmental cooperation. The Council is thus responsible in particular for determining joint actions and common positions. Joint actions relate to specific situations where operational action by the Union is deemed to be required. They lay down their objectives, scope, the means to be made available to the Union, if necessary their duration, and the conditions for their implementation. Common positions define the approach of the Union to a particular matter of a geographical or thematic nature. In practice, even if the proposal originates from a Member State or the Commission, it is the Presidency of the Council that takes it over and assumes responsibility for its precise formulation.
CFSP deals only with a specific part of the EU's external relations , which domains include mainly Trade and Commercial Policy and other areas such as funding to third countries, etc. Decisions require unanimity among member states in the Council of the European Union , but once agreed, certain aspects can be further decided by qualified majority voting. However, since , the European Union is responsible for implementing missions such as peacekeeping and policing of treaties. Co-operation in international trade negotiations, under the EU's Common Commercial Policy , dates back to the establishment of the community in This includes promoting international co-operation, respect for human rights, democracy, and the rule of law. The weaknesses evident in EPC, apparent, for example during the Yugoslav wars , led to a desire to strengthen foreign policy.
Common Foreign and Security Policy
The EU does not have a choice in the matter: its economic significance alone makes it an actor on the global stage. -
Foreign policy: aims, instruments and achievements
The Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) is the organised, agreed foreign policy of the European Union (EU) for mainly security and defence diplomacy.
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