What is the universal declaration of human rights definition
- Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- What is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
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Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Universal Declaration of Human Rightswhat
Simplified Version This simplified version of the 30 Articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been created especially for young people. We are all born free. We all have our own thoughts and ideas. We should all be treated in the same way. These rights belong to everybody, whatever our differences.
Marriage and Family. Every grown-up has the right to marry and have a family if they want to. Men and women have the same rights when they are married, and when they are separated. The Right to Your Own Things. Everyone has the right to own things or share them.
Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December General Assembly resolution A as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over languages.
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At a time of increasing East-West tensions, Roosevelt used her enormous prestige and credibility with both superpowers to steer the drafting process toward its successful completion. Chang excelled in forging compromises when the committee seemed incapable on the verge of an impasse. Malik, whose philosophy was firmly rooted in natural law , was a major force in the debates surrounding key provisions and played a critical role in elucidating and refining basic conceptual issues. The massive and systematic human rights abuses committed during World War II , including the Nazi genocide of Jew s, Roma Gypsies , and other groups, spurred the development of an international human rights instrument. At the same time, the drafters of the UN Charter sought to highlight the interrelationship between war prevention and fundamental human rights. Two key ethical considerations underscored the main tenets of the UDHR: a commitment to the inherent dignity of every human being and a commitment to nondiscrimination. The onset of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union and the resulting deterioration of the global political climate led to sharp ideological exchanges on comparative assessments of the human rights situations in the Soviet-bloc countries and in countries under colonial rule.
What is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights UDHR is a document that acts like a global road map for freedom and equality — protecting the rights of every individual, everywhere. Its adoption recognised human rights to be the foundation for freedom, justice and peace. The drafting committee was later enlarged to include representatives of Australia, Chile, France, the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom, allowing the document to benefit from contributions of states from all regions, and their diverse religious, political and cultural contexts. The Declaration outlines 30 rights and freedoms that belong to all of us and that nobody can take away from us. The rights that were included continue to form the basis for international human rights law. Today, the Declaration remains a living document.
Of the then 58 members of the United Nations, 48 voted in favor, none against, eight abstained , and two did not vote., The traumatic events of the Second World War brought home that human rights are not always universally respected. The extermination of almost 17 million people during the Holocaust, including 6 million Jews, horrified the entire world.